In most areas of the country various network operators have developed a sufficient "last mile" infrastructure for broadband services. The main reason preventing network operators from providing high-quality broadband services to all rural residents and organizations through these segments of infrastructure is the missing part of the network infrastructure, combining operator infrastructure segments with enough bandwidth. The installation of these different missing parts of the network requires a huge investment, in addition to that, installation of separate infrastructure between different operators would make the network inefficiently utilized.
In the project of “The Development of Rural Area Information Technology Broadband Network RAIN” (RAIN-2) is aimed at creating an electronic network infrastructure required for wholesale broadband services. Network operators will be able to use the developed infrastructure in providing services to end users: rural schools, libraries, local government, rural residents and businesses.
The main principles of the broadband infrastructure development:
- Open Access Principle: all service providers will be able to use the infrastructure.
- Technical solutions will ensure this.Technological neutrality: chosen technologies will enable all potential network users without limiting technological solutions.
- Selected solutions maximize and promote the development of competitive environment, i.e. allow end users to freely choose the service providers and services.
- Infrastructure is built only in rural areas and only where it does not exist or where there is an inadequacy of existing resources.
It is planned that the implementation of this project will facilitate the decline of the digital divide between urban and rural regions. Rural area residents will have access to broadband services, which will create favorable conditions for economic, social and cultural activities, alternative activities and partnership development, education, training, retraining, access to services and the provision of communication with local and state authorities.